Smila, Ukraine

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Smila, Ukraine

Smila (population 69,800), lies in one of the richest agricultural areas of Ukraine, a former republic of Soviet Union which became independent on August 24, 1991. Smila is located about thirty miles from Cherkassy, the capital of the region.

Smila and its surrounding agricultural area lie in the heart of Ukraine. Smila's climate is similar to Iowa. Agriculture is well diversified, with wheat and sugar beets as the major crops. Cattle and pork are the leading livestock commodities. Agricultural products are transported on major highways and rail lines serving the city.

Cherkasy

City and port on the Dnipro river, on the right bank of the Kremenchuk Reservoir, 240km from Kyiv. Population: 305,000.

First mentioned in historical documents dating to 1384. In the late 15th cent. it was an important strong-point against the invading Tatars. In the early 16th cent. The majority of its population was comprised of Zaporozhian Kozaks. In 1648 it became regimental city and in 1793 was annexed to the Russian Empire.

Cherkasy - History

The earliest traces of human settlement date to the 7th -3rd cent. B.C. At the beginning of the new era Slavic tribes settled the territory which later became part of Kyivan Rus'-Ukraine. In 1239-40 these lands were devastated by the Tatatrs. In the second half of the 14th cent. they came under Lithuanian rule. The history of Cherkasy region is tightly interwoven with the anti-polish struggle of the Zaporozhian Kozaks in the years 1648-54 and the peasant uprisings known as Koliyivshchyna and the Haydamaky movement. During the years 1648-60 the city of Chyhyryn was the Hetman's residence and an important political centre in Ukraine. After the Treaty of Zboriv in 1649 six administrative-territorial units (regiments) were created here. In 1764 the Tsarist government abolished the Hetmanate and in 1781, the regimental administration.

Cherkasy region

Lies on both banks of the Dnipro river in the forest-steppe belt of central Ukraine. The right-bank part of the region lies in the Dnipro Upland; this part is an undulating plateau. The left-bank part of the region lies in the Dnipro Lowland. The climate is temperate-continental. Area: 20,900 sq. km. Population: 1,540,000. Created in 1954.

Ukraine

Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe, bounded on the north by Belarus, on the north and east by the Russian Federation, on the west by Poland, Slovakia, on the southwest by Hungary, Rumania, And Moldova, and on the south by the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov.

The total area of Ukraine is 603,700 sq. km (compared to the area of France of 551,000 sq. km; Germany 356,000; Great Britain 244,000; Italy 301,000; Spain 505,060). The population of Ukraine is 52 million (Germany 78 million; France 56 million; Great Britain 58 million; Italy 59 million; Spain 40 million). The area spanned in a west-east direction is 1300 km; from north to south 900 km.

Ukraine's state border extends for a total of 7698 km: with Russia 2484 km; Belarus 952 km; Rumania 608 km; Poland 542 km; Slovakia 98 km; Hungary 135 km; Moldova 1194 km. The total length of Ukraine's sea coast is 1758 km (Black Sea 1533 km; Sea of Azov 225 km). The climate of Ukraine is moderate-continental; in the southernmost region of the Crimea the climate is sub-tropical. The largest river of Ukraine is the Dnipro, which is 2201 km in length, of which 981 km flow through Ukraine. The largest mountain system in Ukraine is the Carpathian Mountains that extend for more than 270 km and are 100-110 km wide. The highest peak is the Hoverlya (2061 m).

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